Alfred Stedman Hartwell papers, 1862-2003.

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State Library of Massachusetts - Special Collections
Ms. Coll. 1
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State Library of Massachusetts - Special CollectionsMs. Coll. 1Ask Your Library

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Physical Desc
2 boxes (1.5 linear feet) : photographs.


Organization & arrangement of materials
Materials in this collection are arranged in one series by material type (i.e., correspondence, affidavits, etc.).
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research during the Special Collections Department's regular hours.
This collection documents Hartwell's investigation of abuse of black soldiers in the south during the American Civil War. The collection includes correspondence by Hartwell during his investigation of allegations of abuse, affidavits, statements that he had gathered from African-American soldiers, and other evidence relevant to the investigation. The collection also includes mementos of Hartwell's service in the 44th, 54th, and 55th Regiments of the Massachusetts Infantry, including numerous photographs of black and white soldiers (among them Robert Gould Shaw), and general and special orders pertaining to freed slaves.
Preferred Citation of Described Materials
Folder Title, Box Number. Alfred Stedman Hartwell Papers. State Library of Massachusetts Special Collections.
Biographical or Historical Data
Alfred Stedman Hartwell was born in Dedham, Massachusetts, on June 11, 1836. From May 8, 1861, to August 17, 1861, he served as a corporal in the 3rd Missouri Infantry. He served with the 44th, 54th, and 55th Regiments, Massachusetts Infantry from 1862 to 1866. From 1865 to 1866, Hartwell led the investigation into alleged abuses in the recruiting of black soldiers in the south. Brevet Brigadier-General M.S. Littlefield was the subject of many accusations that indicated that he enrolled disabled blacks, known deserters, and others into the 21st Regiment, U.S. Colored Troops and had failed to pay bounties due to the men. Hartwell later served as the Representative from Natick in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1867 and as Attorney General and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Hawaii. He died in Honolulu on August 30, 1912.
Cumulative Index/Finding Aids
Guide available in the Special Collections Department and online.
Ownership and Custodial History
Received from the Massachusetts State Archives in 1981.

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APA Citation, 7th Edition (style guide)

Hartwell, A. S. 1. (18622003). Alfred Stedman Hartwell papers .

Chicago / Turabian - Author Date Citation, 17th Edition (style guide)

Hartwell, Alfred S. 1836-1912. 18622003. Alfred Stedman Hartwell Papers. .

Chicago / Turabian - Humanities (Notes and Bibliography) Citation, 17th Edition (style guide)

Hartwell, Alfred S. 1836-1912. Alfred Stedman Hartwell Papers , 18622003.

MLA Citation, 9th Edition (style guide)

Hartwell, Alfred S. 1836-1912. Alfred Stedman Hartwell Papers 18622003.

Note! Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published. Citations should be used as a guideline and should be double checked for accuracy. Citation formats are based on standards as of August 2021.

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